The name Anaarkali in the present context has many meanings - Anaar symbolises the anarchism of the Bhils and kali which means flower bud in Hindi stands for their traditional environmentalism. Anaar in Hindi can also mean the fruit pomegranate which is said to be a panacea for many ills as in the Hindi idiom - "Ek anar sou bimar - One pomegranate for a hundred ill people"! - which describes a situation in which there is only one remedy available for giving to a hundred ill people and so the problem is who to give it to. Thus this name indicates that anarcho-environmentalism is the only cure for the many diseases of modern development! Similarly kali can also imply a budding anarcho-environmentalist movement. Finally according to a legend that is considered to be apocryphal by historians Anarkali was the lover of Prince Salim who was later to become the Mughal emperor Jehangir. Emperor Akbar did not approve of this romance of his son and ordered Anarkali to be bricked in alive into a wall in Lahore in Pakistan but she escaped. Allegorically this means that anarcho-environmentalists can succeed in bringing about the escape of humankind from the self-destructive love of modern development that it is enamoured of at the moment and they will do this by simultaneously supporting women's struggles for their rights.
Thursday, October 15, 2009
Anarchism as a Solution for Climate Change
Others argue that the present mode of development itself is a resource guzzling one and it devours all kinds of resources not just energy which are mostly non-renewable. Moreover, the production system is highly centralised and so is the distribution system leading to inefficiencies in the form of energy wasted in transporting resources to the production sites and the products to the consumption sites. Centralisation also means that there are huge inequalities and inequities which have to be maintained through the use of force by a centralised state.
Anarchists say that a centralised state must necessarily be unjust however well its laws may be codified because of a lack of information arising from the distance between the rulers and the ruled. Justice here means that when some people like the Bhil adivasis are lesser ordained with skills in a particular situation then it is the responsibility of those that are better ordained to ensure that the former do not suffer due to their handicap. and if that is not possible then the system itself should be scrapped. Thus, anarchism posits a stateless and communitarian system based on trust and justice. Even if dismantling the present system may involve pain, if the people who are in power now decide to bear most of this pain by cutting down drastically on their own over consumption then the poor will not suffer so much.
Consequently instead of being concerned with only Climate Change, which is after all only a manifestation of a larger unjust and unsustainable system, Blog Action Day, must press for a more decentralised and participative developmental paradigm.