The most important factor in good planning is the active participation of the people. This can be possible at the grassroots level at least through the Gram Sabha. At the moment the Gram Sabhas are held only as a formality and in most cases people aren't interested in them because nothing of consequence is discussed. However, if first the data collection with regard to planning is done through these Gram Sabhas and then on the basis of that local level plans are drawn up and then implemented then the scenario can change drastically. Presently data collection is the responsibility of the Patwari or the lowest revenue official who is in charge of updating the land records and all agricultural data. He is often jokingly called the Khatwari because he sits on a khat or cot in the village headman's house or in his own house in the nearest town and fills in all the data by talking to the people on his cell phone.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme provides an excellent opportunity for turning around the planning process in this country but the bureaucracy is loathe to give up its powers. Systems have been set in place to ensure collective action for natural resource management and revival of agriculture through MGNREGS but as always these are mostly on paper. The grievance redressal mechanism provided on the website of the NREGA does not work as no cognisance is taken of complaints registered there.
As always it is an uphill task.