Thus, once India became independent the RSS set up a political party in 1951 to contest elections and gain State power named the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. This party later became in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which came to power in India as the head of a coalition government in 1998 and has now come to power with a simple majority of its own in the recently held parliamentary elections. Throughout the period from 1951 to the present there has been a continuous inflow of RSS members into the Jana Sangh and the BJP and most of its top political leaders like Atal Behari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani and the present Prime Minister Narendra Modi were all full timer workers of the RSS early in their careers. They are all active participants in the programmes of the RSS as is clear from the picture below which shows Advani taking part in a parade of the organisation.
The RSS wants to establish the Hindu Rashtra. However, in the modern context of nation states controlled by capitalist oligarchies it is not possible to establish a nation state without going along with the capitalists. That is why the RSS took a conscious decision to keep its ideology of Hindu ascetism and voluntarism only within its organisation while within the BJP, its political outfil, through which it was to get control of the Indian nation state, it adopted the ideology of neo-liberal capitalism and sought the support of the capitalists to win the elections and then indulge in corrupt governance. In the process within the BJP it has been able to assimilate many intellectuals from the centre and the left who may not be so enamoured of its Hindu ascetism and its Hindu nationalism but feel that it can operate as a liberal democratic party. Within social movements like ours, however, we are not prepared to make compromises and would like to stick to our ideals even in our day to day political practice and that is why we are marginal both in terms of mass following and in terms of resource mobilisation.
The RSS has built up not only the BJP but also many other civil society organisations involving ethnicities, castes, gender, labour, youth, farmers, children and even indigenous science. There are today lakhs of Pracharaks and millions of sympathisers of the organisation and they all put in hard work at various levels to further the goal of the establishment of a Hindu society controlled by a Hindu State. The RSS continually contacts people working for the society in various other organisations to become its members.We have seen in Alirajpur in particular and western Madhya Pradesh in general how over the past thirty years the RSS has built up its membership among the Bhil Adivasis with a plethora of civil society organisations staffed by dedicated full timers living and working very simply and sometimes poached from organisations like ours. We have lost many of our cadres to the RSS. So while mass organisations like ours have only a limited footprint extending to about thirty to forty villages the RSS has covered the whole region with members in each village. The main reason for this spread of the RSS as opposed to our marginalisation is the resources that it has at its command. These resources come from its capitalist supporters and from the BJP which has come to power since the early 1990s in various states and at the centre and so has access to state funds. In all elections from the Panchayats to the Parliament the full timers and the sympathisers of the RSS work over time to campaign for the candidates and also provide them with funds.
There came a time at the turn of the century when the RSS in Alirajpur decided that the KMCS was a hindrance to its spread in the thirty to forty villages in which our organisation was working because try as they might they could not buy out a majority of our cadre and so began threatening our workers. This was the time when the KMCS was severely strapped for funds because there was no external funding and also the contributions from the members was dwindling. So to withstand the RSS onslaught the KMCS had to access funding from outside in various ways and that is how it has still maintained itself against the RSS in its small area of work. But if it wants to the RSS can wipe us out very easily by using State power.
The RSS is consequently a well organised set up with extensive capitalist funding which has systematically sought State power so that it can establish a capitalist Hindu Rashtra. Even if on the face of it the new government in India is led by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi the influence and the background planning and implementation of the RSS has to be taken into account. We, in the social movements for the establishment of a socially and economically just and environmentally sustainable society will have to chalk out strategies to counter this capitalist and sectarianist juggernaut with our limited resources. A daunting task!!!