However, this agricultural production bonanza has not come without a price. The huge increase in groundwater irrigation has depleted the confined aquifers of the water stored in them over thousands of years and the water table has gone down to more than 100 meters below the ground level, so that the Central Groundwater Board has demarcated a majority of districts as over exploited and critical with respect to groundwater availability (http://www.cgwb.gov.in/AQM/Madhya%20Pradesh.pdf). This precipitate lowering of the groundwater levels has increased the need for power to pump it up. Since the price of electric power is prohibitive and if charged even at cost to the farmers, would lead to their bankruptcy, the Madhya Pradesh Government has to provide a huge subsidy in tariffs for electricity to farmers of about Rs 3000 crores annually (http://www.mpenergy.nic.in/Budget_Provisions.html). In many cases farmers lift water from canals, tanks and streams using this cheap subsidised supply of electricity, augmenting surface water irrigation area also as shown in the pictures below.
Thus, both in terms of the availability of water and power to pump it, the agricultural production boom in Madhya Pradesh is unsustainable and bound to stagnate and collapse in the near future as it has now done in Punjab and Haryana where it had occurred earlier. Given the importance of ground water to agricultural production and its rapid depletion and the way in which this has created a deep crisis in Punjab and Haryana, one would have expected the Governments at the Centre and the State to promote artificial recharge and water harvesting in a big way but apart from paying lip service, very little is being done in terms of planning and financial allocation to actualise this on the ground.
A recently published computer analysis of the annual reports of the World Bank over the past sixty five years has shown that over time these have had lesser and lesser facts and greater and greater jargon and rhetoric (http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/15/upshot/at-the-world-bank-a-shortage-of-concrete-language.html). The Governments of India and Madhya Pradesh have followed suit and are tom-toming the agriculture and irrigation success of the state as was done earlier for Punjab and Haryana, without in any way considering the serious future downsides associated with such temporary and unsustainable means of pushing up irrigation.